|Copyright © - A Brief History|
The Copyright Act of 1790 was the first federal copyright act in the United States. This Act granted authors the sole right and liberty to print, reprint and publish copies of their work for a term of 14 years. The copyright holders also had a right to renew their copyrights for an additional 14 year term if the copyright holder was still living.
The Copyright Act of 1909 introduced the copyright symbol © in the United States. To have a valid statutory copyright it had to be attached to original published works with a notice of copyright affixed. If a work was published without a copyright notice, legally no copyright protection was provided and the work became part of the public domain.
The Copyright Act of 1976 did not go into effect until January 1, 1978. With the implementation of this Act in the United States, copyright authorship is recognized as soon as it is produced. This Act includes tangible form of expression that can be perceived, reproduced and/or communicated. The Copyright Act of 1976 defines works of authorship and the following; literary, music, sound recordings, dramatic works, pantomimes and choreographic, pictorial, graphic and sculptural, motion pictures and audiovisual. In 1990 Architectural works was added to the ACT.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) was passed by Congress in 1998 and became law in 2000. The Act addressed the demands of the Digital Age and aligned U.S. law with the World Intellectual Property Organization and world treaties.
To create a Copyright symbol on a PC: Hold down the Alt key while keying the numbers 0169
To create a Copyright symbol on a MAC: Enter Option + G
Copyright Example: Copyright © 2012 Business Name/Owners Name, All Rights Reserved
To learn more about the Copyright Acts see the following:
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